JAMSHORO: Consultant Orthopedic & General Surgeon of Liaquat Medical University Jamshoro Prof. Dr. Faheem Ahmed Memon on Tuesday has termed the daily exercise as indispensable for healthier human life, saying the arthritis is a disease causing painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints of body, the people can get rid of this epidemic disease only through losing their weight which is possible merely with taking exercise or going for walk of almost 20 to 25 minutes.
He said that there were over 200 kinds of arthritis in the world but osteoarthritis sort of the disease was common in Pakistan and the people of every age were falling prey to it.
This he said while delivering his comprehensive lecture titled “The increasing effects of arthritis on human beings” held at Centre for physical education, health & sports science, University of Sindh Jamshoro as a part of an awareness campaign which was launched by Dr. Faheem Memon.
According to university spokesman Nadir Ali Mugheri, Dr. Memon said that the masses could lead a happier life only by losing the weight and reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases for which, he added that the role of taking exercise could not be ignored.
Putting light on the effects of osteoarthritis, he said it mostly affected cartilage, the hard but slippery tissue that covered the ends of bones where they met to form a joint.
“Healthy cartilage allows bones to glide over one another. It also absorbs energy from the shock of physical movement. In osteoarthritis, the surface layer of cartilage breaks and wears away. This allows bones under the cartilage to rub together, causing pain, swelling, and loss of motion of the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal shape. Also, small deposits of bone—called osteophytes or bone spurs—may grow on the edges of the joint,” he maintained.
Dr. Memon said that bits of bone or cartilage could break off and float inside the joint space causing more pain and damage adding that “osteoarthritis affects only joint function. It does not affect skin tissue, the lungs, the eyes, or the blood vessels”.
He further said that osteoarthritis kind of the disease altered into rheumatoid arthritis with the passage of time causing more difficulties for the patient.
In rheumatoid arthritis, he said, the immune system attacked the tissues of the joints, leading to pain, inflammation, and eventually joint damage and malformation. “It typically begins at a younger age than osteoarthritis, causes swelling and redness in joints, and may make people feel sick, tired, and feverish. Also, the joint involvement of rheumatoid arthritis is symmetrical; that is, if one joint is affected, the same joint on the opposite side of the body is usually similarly affected,” said Dr. Faheem Memon.
He said that if the patient did not have his treatment started, he could fall prey to gouty arthritis. Defining the term gouty arthritis, Dr. Memon said that it is a common cause of a sudden onset of a painful, hot, red, swollen joint, particularly in the foot at the big toe adding that gouty arthritis was reportedly the most common cause of inflammatory arthritis in men over the age of 40.
He told that 52 million people were suffering from any one kind of arthritis in USA this time. “This disease affects life to a great extent; the symptoms of arthritis are identified slowly and gradually in some patients while in certain cases, these are diagnosed suddenly,” Surgeon Faheem maintained.
He said that no sooner did the patient know about the disease then he ought to consult with the doctor without any delay in order to get relief from more swelling and pain.
“The people of all the age can prey to arthritis but it is found common in the publics over the age of 60,” he said.
“Not to speak of old men, the children & teenagers can also be victim to arthritis, this is called juvenile arthritis,” he told.
He added that a child out of every 250 children was suffering from this chronic disease in a country like USA adding that the most types of arthritis were more common in women than men in every country including Pakistan.
Dr. Memon said that 40% people could not do at least one out of nine important daily functional activities by dint of arthritis in terms of lifting something in hand, pushing, pulling, carrying heavy things, sitting on chair continuously for one an hour, standing for one an hour and kneeling.
“Over 18% disabilities take place owing to depression in the society, we can find many people being depressed but they knowingly hide their depression which is not a good thing for their life,” said Dr. Faheem Memon.
Terming the obesity as the ultimate reason of cardiovascular as well as liver diseases, diabetes and cancer, the surgeon said that there was risk of 29% for fat men and 16.3 for normal people to fall prey to arthritis.
“Due to obesity the knees are affected, we must keep on taking exercise or go for a walk for almost 25 to 30 minutes daily,” he counseled.
He said that the arthritis could only be eradicated with the help of creating awareness among the people adding that if the timely treatment ensured in the case of stiffness, one could never face disability as ones arms and legs will not be affected owing to the effect of the disease.
Dr. Memon said that the only cure of affected joints of human body was their change and it will definitely cost a huge amount which could not be afforded by common people in the country like Pakistan.
Vice Chancellor Dr. Abida Taherani chaired the event while Dr. Abdul Rasool Abbasi, Dr. Mahmood Mughal, Murtaza Siyal, Ghulam Nabi Kaka, Syed Sajjad Hussain Shah and a large number of officers, faculty members and students attended the lecture program.
Dr. Akram Ansari offered the vote of thanks on the occasion.