JAMSHORO: Speakers have urged the need for taking urgent steps to mitigate the impact of climate change, which was affecting developing countries including that of Pakistan and global cooperation.
They also stressed the need for ensuring individual participation to save environment in the best interest of people, animals & other creation.
They were speaking at a seminar titled “Climate Change & its impacts”, organised by the Department of Zoology, University of Sindh Jamshoro here on Tuesday.
Addressing the seminar, the focal person of Sindh University Thatta campus Prof. Dr. Sarfraz Hussain Solangi who attended the seminar on behalf of vice-chancellor Prof. Dr Abida Taherani as the chief guest, said that every country saw climate change issue in its own perspective which ultimately raised constraints in the way of an agreed global action plan for dealing with the challenges such as global warming and climate change.
He called for comprehensive policies and action plan by using the ways of adoption and mitigation for climate change with the help of developed nations.
He talked about the important environmental topics such as climate change threats, Pakistan’s role in international agenda on climate change, reasons of fatal diseases due to climate change and natural disasters in detail.
“Globally, 15 to 20 countries are responsible for the global gas and radiation emission while Pakistan’s part in it is only 0.8 per cent, which is no doubt nominal, but still, the country would have to be the part of actions against severe climatic changes and protection of glaciers,” said Dr. Sarfraz Solangi.
“It is feared that the temperature will rise up to 3 centigrade in forthcoming 10 to 15 years and it will jump to 55 centigrade which can cause the deaths of a number of people; this is happening owing to climate change and we all are responsible for it”, he said.
Dr Solangi added that Pakistan must remain part of drive regarding climate change as it’s a country which relies on agriculture and any climatic threat could be devastating for its economy and progress.
Another speaker who is senior Professor at Zoology Department Ali Murtaza Dharejo highlighted the importance of the theme of the seminar. He stressed that present environmental challenges should be dealt on a war footing besides calling for holding such seminars and events on a regular basis.
He appreciated students and organisers for conducting the event and called it an effective step towards achieving a better environment.
Prof. Dharejo further said that climatic changes in our country could damage us because our glaciers were melting quickly and water pollution was increasing rapidly.
Because of non-availability of storage capacity and also because of absence of dams, he said, natural water resources were being wasted every year and if this practice continued; the next generation would face severe problems due to scarcity, rather absence of natural water.
SU Dean faculty of Natural Science Prof. Dr. Abdul Rasool Abbasi said that the Govt should take various initiatives to store water in low-lying areas so that underground water level could be maintained. He also invited the students and teachers to come to his office with ideas and projects to save the environment.
Dr Abbasi said that every individual had to come forward and join hands with each other for betterment of environment adding that a single department could not deliver 100 percent until every individual started playing his or her part.
Director, Institute of Environment Sciences, Mehran Engineering University Dr. Khan Muhammad Brohi said that environmental challenges were increasing day by day and that these challenges could be controlled if every individual managed his requirements as per his or her needs.
He appreciated the zoology students for their poster presentation and said such posters should be circulated regularly in order to create awareness among the masses especially youths.
He talked about the issues of waste water management, depletion of natural resources and the development of the power plants. Saying up to 2,000 tons of solid waste is produced per day only in Karachi and if we talk about entire Sindh, then the ratio can be doubled. “The collection capacity of this solid waste is only 30 per cent and there is also a lot of unsafe disposal of hospital waste.” He said.
SU Dean Graduate Studies Prof. Dr. Wazir Ali Baloch said that the county needed to evolve an action plan to tackle climate change and prevent the environmental degradation.
He attributed the prevailing polluted environment to the growing deforestation, saying that it was the main hurdle to overcome the climatic issues adding that the county was facing numerous challenges due to increasing environmental degradation and climate change.
“Laws regarding protection of environment do exist, but their implementation is not possible without the cooperation of masses,” he underscored.
The chairperson of zoology department Professor Dr Nasreen Memon said that clean environment was basic need of every human being and it was also duty of every citizen to play role for keeping their surroundings clean.
She called for proactive steps for coping with the increasing global warming, which had also adversely affected Pakistan.
Earlier, poster presentations were displayed by the students of zoology highlighting the importance of safe environment.
Among others SU Dean Faculty of Social Science Prof. Dr. Parvaiz Ahmed Pathan, Dr Arfana Mallah of chemistry department, Dr. Abdul Jabbar Leghari, Dr. Ghulam Sarwar Gachal, Prof. Yousif Shaikh, Dr Riffat Sultana and Dr Saima Malik were also in attendance.